Interpreted soil map of the Falkland Islands

The current soil map of the Falkland Islands is an interpretation by Rodney Burton, soil surveyor since 1970, based on the solid and superficial geological map that the British Geological Survey prepared for the Falkland Islands Government. The soil map was one of the outcomes of the TEFRA project funded by the European Union.

Data and Resources

Additional Info

Field Value
Last Updated December 21, 2020, 10:00 (PST)
Created January 30, 2020, 05:20 (PST)
Region Falkland Islands
Language eng
Topic Category geoscientific information
Temporal Extent Start 1998-01-01
Temporal Extent End 1998-12-31
Dataset Reference Date 2015
Lineage The soil map is an interpretation of the superficial and solid geology maps made by the British Geological Survey (BGS) in 1998. The superficial deposits were kept entirely and where the class "non-superficial" occurred it was clipped to the solid geology in order to have the entire land mass of the Falklands covered by interpreted soil types. The solid geology formations were simplified into the following lithological categories: sandstones, sandstones with siltstones and mudstones, mudstones and siltstones, quartzites, tillites and mudstones, granite and gneiss. In order to calculate the Soil Organic Carbon (SOC) for each simplified lithology class, a quarter of the total area of that lithological layer was considered as peat. This was a personal choice but based on a reasonable guess of what occurs in reality. Indeed field surveys will allow this estimation to be reassessed more accurately. Cape Meredith complex was the only lithological class that was not considered peaty because it is too small. Similarly, coverage of peat and other soil types (as percentages) were also estimated for all the superficial geology classes. These soil types cannot be mapped as no soil survey has been carried out in the Falkalnds to allow surveyors to draw boundaries between types. Old auger bores, 186 in number, collected in a minefield feasibility study carried out in 2006, were used in part as ground truthing. The main problem with the auger bore datasets is that they were concentrated in the minefield areas and, therefore, despite giving a good representation of soil types, had a limited spatial distribution and use. Other people's analyses were taken into consideration (e.g. DOA soil samples) but these had very little information about soil types and geographic coordinates were approximate in many sampling locations.
West Longitude -61.4512
South Latitude -52.4493
East Longitude -57.6842
North Latitude -51.0002
Spatial Reference System WGS84
Responsible Organisation Name Hidden (personal data protection)
Contact Mail Address Hidden (personal data protection)
Responsible Party Role Hidden (personal data protection)
Access Limitations Open access
Use Constraints Open, but copyright and/or Intellectual Property Rights apply
Resource Reference Please acknowledge data source as: Rodney Burton interpretation of the superficial geology (copyright BGS) for the TEFRA project, 2015.
Data Format shape
Update Frequency unknown
Accuracy Low confidence due to the lack of a proper soil survey. Definitely there is a need for further research and mapping.
Resource Type Dataset
Original Title Hidden (internal use only)
Metadata Date 2015-05-25
Metadata Point of Contact
Contact Consent Contact details hidden
Unique Resource ID FK-SAERI-198

Dataset extent

Map tiles by Stamen Design, under CC BY 3.0. Data by OpenStreetMap, under CC BY SA.